How much evidence does it take to constitute proof?
3 February 2016
In criminal law, proof amounts, de facto, to evidence "beyond a reasonable doubt." In civil law, proof is based on "preponderance of evidence." In geometry, it either is or it isn't. What about astronomy?
Planet X (or IX, as the case might be)
This week (1/20/16), CalTech astronomers announced that they had evidence that another planet, so-called Planet IX, exists beyond the orbit of Neptune. They had data, math, computer simulation, probabilities, and all the stuff that makes for good scientific discussion. They were able to deduce the probable orbit of Planet IX (pronounced 'icks' in my estimation), and they were able to reduce the P-Test, "probability caused by chance" to 0.007%. That's not nothing, but that's well out into the "damn unlikely" range.
...they didn't have any observations of the actual body. It's not huge, less than 10x Earth sized, it's freaking far away (76-300AU), and it's so far that it won't be bright. With their evidence, they have a reasonable range in which to search, and given the flurry of telescopes that will be pointed in that direction, if it's there, someone will eventually find it. If it's NOT, then they won't.
I found myself greatly intrigued with all of the fuss made the day of the announcement. Not only because the last time someone discovered a REAL planet was 1846. That's not a typo. But I had a more selfish reason, and that reason leads into something frankly more remarkable than a new planet.
My selfish reason is that I, too, seek evidence for something I haven't yet seen, but expect to. And like these astronomers, all of the analysis in the world, or solar system for that matter, is just "data and educated guessing" until someone actually sees it.
I have three questions to ask you:
- Can "enough evidence" convince that something exists (or is true) without actually seeing the something?
- If you think (or believe) that something is "impossible", how much evidence can push you into conceding that it is possible?
- If it's not impossible, but merely highly improbable, how highly-improbable must the odds get before you allow yourself concede that the highly-improbable happened? Or will?
I will now present the evidence for something I deem "haven't seen it yet, but..." As I build the case, check my facts. If you can calculate odds, please do so. Let me know when it's too unlikely to NOT be true. My evidence will investigate words in different languages, none of which existed when the original document was promulgated. I will be careful to present graphical evidence to demonstrate that my assertions about the words in foreign languages are factual. Yea, true. Sources will be cited, so that you may replicate my findings. Let's begin.
Exhibit A: The LionApproximately 700 years B.C.(E.), while the nation of Israel lay in captivity in Babylon, a Jewish prophet named Daniel reported visions. In one of the visions, he reports seeing "four beasts", which were taken as symbols of kingdoms, or other form of government. The vision specified that these kings would come to power in the future, and specified that it would be in "the end of days."
(If you are one of the people who believe that there is no such thing as prophecy, then allow me to point you to my question #2. Go ahead, call it impossible, but review the evidence, and let me know when I lose you.)
These visions are reported in the Book of Daniel, Chapter 7. The report of the "First Beast" appears in verse 4:
The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings. I watched till its wings were plucked off; and it was lifted up from the earth and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to it.Observation: The word "lion" in Arabic is ‘asad.
(New King James Version)
اسد (transliteration: a-s-d)
الاسد (al ‘asad, when used in a sentence, such as "the lion sleeps tonight": a-l a-s-d)
If your computer cannot display Arabic characters, here is a graphic:
Connection: The word “al ‘asad” in Arabic is a man's name: The name of the President of Syria (as of 1/24/2016)
Copied and pasted from Wikipedia
Coincidence? Sure. Of course names like lion are common, especially to project grandeur. But there's more. Remember how the vision reported that the lion "...was lifted up from the earth and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to it." I have no idea what that really means, but this I do know... the word for "man" is "bashar". That Bible verse contains both the last and the first names of the President of Syria. Here's the graphic evidence:
Source: https://translate.google.com/#en/ar/lion et al
(The triple dot over the middle character gives the 'sh' sound)
The color-coded highlighting indicates what the corresponding English/Arabic words are, and that lion + man is the same as Bashar Assad. This is Google Translate. Try it yourself. While that is unlikely, there is another data point. Remember that the lion had "eagle's wings". Aside from the imagery of a mythological griffin, there is something more literal, relating to Bashar al-Assad: The Syrian Coat of Arms. It's an eagle with its wings splayed outward. Thus:
In celestial navigation, three stars can specify your location. In this verse, three points triangulate to a single, living person who is currently embroiled in a very difficult situation in the middle east. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. To illustrate, if Bashar al-Assad were to read this verse in Arabic, he would see his own name in his own language.
There is a fourth element that points directly to Bashar al-Assad. In Daniel 7:4, it is written that “ man’s heart was given it.” In Arabic, the word "heart" is qalb قلب
The al-Assad family is from the Alawite family, specifically from the tribe of the Qalbiyya. The 'iyya' means 'of, from', just as the English word 'Saudi' is from the Arabic السعودية as-Sa'ūdiyah In English, we would say Qalb-ite, just as we say Alaw-ite.
Daniel Chapter 7 uses its specific words the name the First Beast:
- lion = al-Assad
- man = Bashar
- heart = Qalb (his tribe, Qalbiyya)
- eagle's wings = the Syrian Coat of Arms (the country he rules)
PS: It's interesting that qalb also means to overthrow a government, because that is PRECISELY what Bashar's father, Hafez al-Assad, did.
Exhibit B: The BearIn the Book of Daniel, Chapter 7, the report of the "Second Beast" appears in verse 5:
"...another beast, a second, like a bear. It was raised up on one side, and had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. And they said thus to it: ‘Arise, devour much flesh!’"
It would be easy to ascribe the symbol of a bear to an historic, or even modern kingdom (when I say kingdom, it means a government, whether monarchy or not). Russia, for example is symbolized by a bear, and has been for a couple centuries.
But that's not what I'm going to show you. I'm going to show you a man's name. In Russian, the word for bear is:
(transliterated: medved’ from Cyrillic).
Again, if your computer doesn't display Cyrillic, here's a graphic:
Which leader of a government or country has the name "medved"? This guy!
Prime Minister of Russia
I know... you thought that Vladimir Putin was the Prime Minister of Russia. Putin is the President of Russia. He and Medvedev have been taking turns switching between PM and President since 5/7/2000. By switching, they circumvent term limits. Make no mistake. Medvedev is no puppet. He and Putin are politically "attached at the hip."
Again, if Dmitry Medvedev were reading Daniel Chapter 7, verse 5, he'd see his name in print. At least the root, since his name doesn't mean "the bear", but "of the bears". This is what he would see:
Source: https://d1d7ektpm2nljo.cloudfront.net/erbqGqJfEj9SYmK3_0yQZQ/Russian_Bible_27__Daniel.pdf (page 1021, upper right)
So far, we have two major world leaders (in this case allies in the Syrian Civil War) whose actual names are readable in their native language versions of the Book of Daniel. Not "somewhere in the Bible", not "in a BIble Code skip sequence", not "an anagram" from the Bible, not "when viewed in a mirror"... but plain-as-day in two consecutive verses. And in the context of pointing to then-future governments, to boot.
But there is another:
Exhibit C: The LeopardIn the Book of Daniel, Chapter 7, the report of the "Third Beast" appears in verse 6:
After [the second beast] I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it.
The Arabic word for Leopard is فهد
(literally lynx, cheetah, panther. transliterated: fahd)
Again, if your computer doesn't display Arabic, here is a graphic:
Again, here is a screengrab from Google Translate:
For additional support, here is a British Muslim name website, with names meaning 'leopard', http://muslimbabynames.co.uk/baby-names-meaning-leopard/
Clearly, the Arabic word for leopard is Fahd. Who is Fahd? This guy!
Clearly, the Arabic word for leopard is the name of this king of Saudi Arabia. You may have noticed that he is deceased. Does that invalidate the analysis of this verse? On the contrary. It supports it. Note that the "fourth beast" has 4 heads. If a beast is a kingdom, each head represents a king in that kingdom. But kingdoms only have one king at a time. The four heads are the succession of 3 kings upon the death of Fahd. Here are the names of the first 3 kings, and a hint at the fourth:
- Fahd bin Abdulaziz al Saud, d. 2005
- Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud, d. 2015 (a year ago)
- Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud, currently reigning at age 80. Reports of dementia are rife. This is where we are at this moment. But...
- The current Crown Prince is Mohammed bin Nayef (MbN for short), a
55-yo nephew of the King. Were the king to meet his maker tonight, MbN
would be the next king (barring subterfuge)
However, this past week, on January 18th, 2016 news reports from the Arab world began to surface to where they were visible to the west. This report stated:
January 13, 2016 By Ali AlAhmed Washington DC – Saudi King Salman Al-Saud plans to abdicate his throne and install his son Mohammed as king, multiple highly-placed sources told the Institute for Gulf Affairs.
Mohamed bin Salman is the current deputy crown prince, second in-line to the throne, and defense minister.
King Salman, 80, has been making the rounds visiting his brothers seeking support for the move that will also remove the current crown prince and American favorite, the hardline Mohammed bin Naif from his positions as the crown prince and the minister of interior.
This report has yet to be corroborated, but rumors to the effect have been rampant for months, some as soon as April 29, 2015 when Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MbS) was named Deputy Crown Prince. (This prince, MbS is multiple blog posts in and of himself, but not during this post.)
Three symbols of an ancient vision point to three rulers currently in power!
- Lion = Al Assad, man = Bashar, heart = Qalbiyya tribe, Eagle's wings on the Syrian Coat of Arms
- Bear = Medvedev, Prime Minister of Russia
- Leopard = Late King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, and the four head represent him and his 3 successors.
How unlikely it that three rulers, embroiled in the Syrian Civil War are named in an ancient prophecy? That's really hard to calculate, but it would be less likely than 0.007% (1 in 14,285). That's somewhere between being dealt a straight flush and a royal flush.
But let me offer some specifics on the window of opportunity here:
- First Beast: There has been an al-Assad in power in Syria since 1971. But that man, Hafez does not have his first name in a Bible verse. Bashar al-Assad has been in power since 2000.
- Second Beast: Dmitry Medvedev has been "leader" of Russia since 2008, whether President of Prime Minister. Again, Putin and Medvedev function as a unit.
- Third Beast: King Fahd
took power (literally, in a coup) in 1982. If there is a reason why the
line of 4 began with Fahd, instead of his ancestor/predecessors, it may
be because he ruled Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War. This is
"Biblically significant" because in the same way that this chapter
mirrors the current kings of these lands, I assert that the next chapter
mirrors the Gulf War. Regardless, Fahd reigned until his death in 2005.
Abdullah reigned until his death in 2015. Salman has reigned since, but
that's only been a year (and a a few days).
The most recently window in time in which these "three beasts" could have ruled simultaneously began on May 7, 2008 when Medvedev became President of Russia (with Putin switching from President to Prime Minister, then back 4 years later.)
But more interestingly, with the ink on the report of Salman's abdication still not dry, the "fourth head of the third beast" could rise to power any minute now, and as reported, should be as soon as Summer 2016.
With that, the window of opportunity for complete parallel (I hesitate to say fulfillment. Correlation more like.) with Daniel 7 is at most 8 years, and at the very least, TOMORROW (inshallah). These are very interesting times.
Were that all, it would be remarkable. Calculate the odds if you can. Take all of the possible names, first and last names over the past 2,700 years, choose 3 out of a hat. What are the odds of them matching the names of three kings/leaders. And not only that, but these three are embroiled in a furball, the Syrian civil war, one beast on the same side as another, the other on the opposing side. And, the author of the vision describes three kingdoms whose capitals fit into a 600-mile diameter circle. The odds are astounding!
But wait, there's more...
Exhibit D: The Fourth Beast
Daniel reported Four Beasts! What about the Fourth Beast? Does this beast have a name in it? Let's look:
...a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.Hmmm... not much to go on here. I looked at the Hebrew. I looked at the Arabic. Frankly, there aren't even that many interesting words. Horn is used 5 times, beasts, eyes twice. The rest only once each: all, breaking, devouring, different, dreadful, exceedingly/extremely (NASB), feet, huge, iron, little, man, mouth, pieces, plucked, pompous, residue, roots, speaking, strong, teeth, terrible, trampling.
BORING! The only significance I saw was that the Fourth Beast rules until, and I quote, "that horn which had eyes and a mouth which spoke pompous words, whose appearance was greater than his fellows. I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them, until the Ancient of Days came..."
So I wrote it off as another vague, indiscernible "end times prophecy." And while I am a maven of such, it could be tomorrow, it could be a zillion years from now. I let it slide I have bigger salmon to sauté.
This morning (1/23/16), I read an article, and one rather unimportant sentence caught my eye.
I knew that Da'esh was a pejorative synonym for Islamic State, ISIS, ISIL, or IS. I didn't recall what the insult was, though. So I looked.
Scroogle, Scroogle... found this, right off:
I read this:
What is "daesh"?Bigot. Big deal.
According to Arabic translator Alice Guthrie, "D.A.E.SH is a transliteration of the Arabic acronym formed of the same words that make up I.S.I.S in English: 'Islamic State in Iraq and Syria', or 'al-dowla al-islaamiyya fii-il-i'raaq wa-ash-shaam'."
It is a term that most Arab states and many European governments use to refer to the Islamic State or ISIS. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry often uses the term, too.
It, like most things involved with the terrorist organization, is not without controversy.
Depending on how it is conjugated in Arabic, the word can mean "to trample down and crush." But it can also mean "a bigot." ISIS has reportedly threatened to cut out the tongues of anyone it hears using the term.
"It's a derogatory term and not something people should use even if you dislike them," said Evan Kohlmann, a national security analyst at Flashpoint and a contributor to NBC News. "It would be like referring to Germans as 'Huns.'"
Then, it hit me. My eye caught something that immediately clicked.
Depending on how it is conjugated in Arabic, the word can mean "to trample down and crush."
I hurried back to Daniel Chapter 7, and found those very same (highlighted) words in the text regarding the Fourth Beast. See for yourself from different versions:
- it crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot whatever was left. (Dan 7:7b, NIV)
- it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. (Dan 7:7b, NKJV)
- it devoured and crushed and trampled down the remainder with its feet (Dan 7:7b, NASB)
That Arabic word is the same as Daesh (داعش dāʿish)!!! I checked Google Translate for spelling variations. I found these:
Is it possible that these verses were pointing to an Arabic word, Daesh (داعش dāʿish)? Impossible? I dug deeper. According to the earlier clause of the above verse, Dan 7:7a, the Fourth Beast:
- was dreadful
- was terrifying
- was extreme
- was strong
- had iron teeth that devoured
- was different from all the beasts that were before it (literally, 'different from all the beasts it faced', as opposed to 'those who preceded it')
- had ten horns
- was dreadful — dread is synonymous with fear, and
- was terrifying — that which is terrifying is literally "terror", which is also synonymous with fear
- was extreme — they are extreme... extremists
- was strong — have considerable military might
- had iron teeth that devoured — this could be a symbol, but it could also be the knives they use to behead people.
- crushed, trampled literally Da‘esh
- was different from all the beasts that were before it (literally, different from all the beasts it faced, not those who preceded it.) — This is certainly true. Da‘esh/Islamic State bears no resemblance to any modern state. It's a Khalifat/Caliphate, where one man rules under Sharia law. There is no voting. No legislature. Their tactics are guerrilla warfare, not stand up military. They steal their weapons from their victims. They brutalize and commit genocide of any kufr, non-believers which includes Shi'a Muslims. These guys are a breed apart.
- had ten horns — Horns are usually individuals, perhaps kings/leaders/nations, but maybe not. Do they have 10 leaders? No, but they do have numerous groups in different countries who have pledged Ba'yah/allegiance to the Khalifat, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. These 'horns' are carrying out the commands of one man within their own country with no regard for borders. This image demonstrates the widespread tentacles that Da‘esh possesses. So, yes, they have 10 horns.
- Daesh is extreme terror, militarily strong (they overran half of Iraq and Syria in months, and are still standing after 18 months of bombardment by Syria, Iraq, USA, Russia, France, UK), their name is spelled out trans-literally in the words tread/trampled/crushed.
The final verses of Chapter 7 go on to describe how the Fourth Beast, led by the "little horn" will carry on until
"that horn was waging war with the saints and overpowering them until the Ancient of Days came and judgment was passed in favor of the saints of the Highest One, and the time arrived when the saints took possession of the kingdom."End Times. Literally. In fact, the END of the End Times.
But that's the future. I'm only looking at right now.
And from what I can see, and you can see the evidence before you, that we now live in the days when the Four Beasts of Daniel are in power, and with the succession of the next Saudi king coming probably by this summer, we are in the most narrow of historical windows. By adding Da‘esh to the mix, it narrows the timeframe down to a mere year-and-a-half! Islamic State was declared by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi on Ramadan 1 1435 / June 29, 2014. All FOUR Beasts may have been on the stage since then. But if King Salman is suddenly no longer the king, then his successor will be the FOURTH HEAD of the Third Beast. Once that happens, we know that all players are on stage. It could be by Summer 2016, or it could be before I have a chance to push this blog post live. Hint: I get text alerts whenever Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman tweets out.
In pictorial summary...
For full resolution, click. Or go here: http://judaschrist.com/images/Beasts_Dan-7.png
What comes next? Only time will tell. But I think you get the idea... Hint: Daniel Chapter 8 ;-)
In conclusion...Is that enough proof to convince you? Do you need to "see it to believe it?" If you see it, how will you know that you're seeing it? By comparing to this evidence, right? Let me circle back to my initial illustration of Planet IX. The scientists involved are already confident enough of their evidence that articles are using words like:
- "discovered" http://www.ubergizmo.com/2016/01/scientists-discover-ninth-planet/
- "concludes" http://arstechnica.com/science/2016/01/scientist-who-killed-pluto-now-concludes-there-is-a-ninth-major-planet/
- "lurks" (not 'might lurk') http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/feature-astronomers-say-neptune-sized-planet-lurks-unseen-solar-system TFA: "If you say, ‘We have evidence for Planet X,’ almost any astronomer will say, ‘This again? These guys are clearly crazy.’ I would, too,” Brown says. “Why is this different? This is different because this time we’re right.” Oh really? Show me!
I have written other blog posts which outline similar "unlikely coincidences", all of which form a chain of coincidences. Each link in that chain compounds the minuscule probability to more and more infinitesimal.
One more thing...By the time you "see it", and finally concede... "Wow, I thought it was impossible, or at least highly improbable, but gosh darn it, I see it now. That Bible chapter WAS a prophecy." Well, it's too late. Why? Because the Fourth Beast reigns WELL into the Book of Revelation, combining into the great Beast of Revelation 13. Need evidence?
I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his horns ten crowns, and on his heads a blasphemous name. Now the beast which I saw was like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion.Remember these guys?
- lion (al-Assad)
- bear (Medvedev)
- leopard (4 Saudi kings)
- Ten Horns (Da'esh)
February 3, 2016 A.D.
23 Rabi‘ath-Thani, 1437 A.H.
Footnotes & Sources
 Arabic-English Dictionary: The Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (English and Arabic Edition) 3rd Edition, Hans Wehr, p. 16
 Wehr, p. 729
 Wehr, p. 784
 English-Arabic Conversational Dictionary Paperback – Richard Jaschke, 1987 edition, p. 290